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Trusted and Secure Authentication with ATECC608A for AWS IoT
Why would you harden your IoT Security with the ATECC608A for AWS IoT?
Securing communication with a Cloud service and manipulating keys comes with many challenges: storing and using keys in the microcontroller exposes them, operating systems and software have bugs, the Heartbleed bug for OpenSSL was notable by easily exposing keys. Consequently, governments and corporations across the globe are working to protect individual identities and privacy. Strong authentication is the start of robust security. This leads cloud providers to push towards hardware-based security to obtain strong device identity protection, prevent identity spoofing, but also to protect against unauthorized firmware updates and prevent proliferation.
An easy way to hack an IoT device today is to physically attack the embedded system and spoof the private key which is likely located in the clear of a microcontroller memory. But hacking a single device or transaction is typically not of value to an attacker. Hackers are looking for weaknesses that will enable them to exploit a large number of connected devices. Once the keys are spoofed, the devices are accessed, a scalable remote attack can be launched leveraging the corrupted IoT devices as entry points
Update the Zero Touch provisioning Kit version B using the ATECC608A
Simply use the new CryptoAuth XPRO-B board
What remains identical compared to the ATECC508A for AWS IoT? The overall hardware is still using the ATWINC1500 Wifi, the ATSAMG55 (Cortex-M4) running FreeRTOS and the OLED display board . The TLS is still leveraging the integrated one from the ATWINC1500 provided by Microchip. The AWS IoT setup is also identical.
What is different from the ATECC508A then? The ATECC608A doesn't come preconfigured on the CryptoAuth-XPRO-B board. During the "getting started" procedure, the firmware update necessary to upgrade to the ATECC608A will configure the secure element as part of the process. One of the main added value of the ATECC608A is to enable secure boot capabilities for light embedded systems (illustrated separately). The RNG has been upgraded and an AES hardware accelerator is integrated.
The AT88CKECC-AWS-XSTK-B kit for AWS IoT has been designed to help the engineer starting to prototype and learn the basics of secure provisioning. The secure element is pre-configured but not provisioned with keys out of the box. The Python based scripts are here to guide the user through the steps of provisioning and illustrate the process their company will go through when implementing certificate based authentication in a production environment. Once the kit is provisioned, it provides a unique, trusted and protected identity.
20 Years of Experience in Secure Provisioning
Microchip is here the all way through
Trust cannot rely only on the device but also on the manufacturing process. Exploiting third party weaknesses is one of the top targets for hackers. Isolating keys and secrets from manufacturing is equally vital. Customers can leave this burden to Microchip's secure factories and leverage our trusted provisioning service already used by thousands of companies. It's zero touch, the private keys are never exposed.
- Memory configuration is defined and locked
- Your Certificate Authority is decided
- AWS IoT production account is configured with AWS
- Secret Exchange with Microchip completed
- The ATECC608A is setup with your customized part number
- All the provisioning – keys/certificates generation and manipulation is done within Microchip secure factories
- Keys are internally generated and never exposed to the outside world
- Elimination of any software or manufacturing backdoors
- The device ships pre-provisioned with the secrets
Tools and Software
- Access the code on GitHub HERE including the provisioning scripts for the ATECC608A (Python based) and the AWS IoT account setup scripts (using CloudFormation from AWS)
- Buy the kit: https://www.microchipdirect.com/product/search/all/ATECC608aAWSIoT
- AT88CKSCKTUDFN-XPRO add-on board (remember to order)
- Firmware to upgrade from ATECC508A to ATECC608A is illustrated in the link to the GitHub repo above